Governor and CM of Indian State List 2023, List of Chief Ministers and Governors of Indian States and Union Territories 2023

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Who is the Governor or Governor? (Who Is a Governor of a State)

A governor can be defined as a public official who has the power to administer the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In other words of the federation, Governor can be defined as the position of a politician who governs a constituent state, who can be appointed or elected. The power of an individual governor can vary between political systems of states, with some governors holding only nominal powers or largely ceremonial power, while others enjoy complete control over the entire government.

Chief Minister and Governor 2023

According to Article 164 of the Constitution, the Chief Minister of an Indian state or Union Territory (UT) is chosen by the Governor, who acts as the appointing authority. Additionally, Article 167 states that the Chief Minister acts as a bridge between the Governor and the Council of Ministers of the State. Although our Constitution does not clearly specify the educational qualifications required to become the Chief Minister, it does not mean that the Governor has complete freedom to appoint anyone to the post. In this article, we have provided the complete list of Chief Ministers and Governors of all the states and union territories of India along with related information.

All State Chief Minister and Governor 2022: Important Factors

1. Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik held the post of Chief Minister for the longest period since 5 March 2000.
2. Mizoram Chief Minister Zoramthanga is the oldest Chief Minister of India.
3. Arunachal Pradesh Chief Minister Pema Khandu is the youngest Chief Minister of India.
4. Twelve chief ministers are from the Bharatiya Janata Party, two from the Indian National Congress, and two from the Aam Aadmi Party.

States and Capitals of India 2023

List of Chief Ministers and Governors of Indian States and Union Territories 2023 (Chief Minister and Governor of India 2023 List)

The Chief Minister is the head of the government of a state or union territory in India. The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor, but he must have the confidence of a majority of the members of the State Legislative Assembly. The Governor is the constitutional head of a state or union territory and is appointed by the President of India. The Governor has many powers, including the power to dissolve the state Legislative Assembly and appoint the Chief Minister. Following is the list of Chief Ministers and Governors of India in 2023:

States Chief Minister Governor
Andhra Pradesh YS Jagan Mohan Reddy S. Abdul Nazeer
Arunachal Pradesh Pema Khandu Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik
Assam Himanta Biswa Sarma Gulab Chand Kataria
Bihar Nitish Kumar Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar
Chhattisgarh Bhupesh Bhagel Justice (Retd) Biswa Bhusan Harichandan
Goa Pramod Sawant PS Sgreedharan
Gujarat Vijaybhai R. Rupani Acharaya Devvrat
Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar Satyadeo Narayan Arya
Himachal Pradesh Jai Ram Thakur Shiv Pratap Shukla
Jharkhand Hemant Soren CP Radhakrishnan
Karnataka Siddaramaiah Thawar Chand Gehlot
Kerala Pinarayi Vijayan Arif Mohammad Khan
Madhya Pradesh Shivraj Singh Chouhan Mangubhai Chaganbhai Patel
Maharashtra Eknath Shinde Ramesh Bais
Manipur N. Biren Singh Anusuiya Uikye
Meghalaya Conrad Kongkal Sangma Phagu Chauhan
Mizoram Zoramthanga Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu
Nagaland Neiphiu Rio Mr La. Ganesan
Odisha Naveen Patnaik Raghubar Das
Punjab Bhagwant Singh Mann Shri Banwarilal Purohit
Rajasthan Ashok Gehlot Kalraj Mishra
Sikkim Prem Singh Tamang Lakshman Prasad Acharya
Tamil Nadu MK Stalin RN Ravi
Telangana K.Chandrashekhar Rao Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan
Tripura Biplab Kumar Deb Indra Sena Reddy Nallu
Uttar Pradesh Yogi Adityanath Anandiben Patel
Uttarakhand Shri Pushkar Singh Dhami Gurmit Singh
West Bengal Mamata Banerjee Dr CV Ananda Bose

Union Territory States-wise Governors of India List

In the table below we have listed the Governors of Union Territories:

Union Territory Governor capital
Andaman & Nicobar Shri. Devendra Kumar Joshi (Lieutenant Governor) Port Blair
Chandigarh Shri Banwarilal Purohit (Administrator) Chandigarh
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Shri Praful Patel (Administrator) Daman
Delhi Vinal Kumar Saxena (Lieutenant Governor) New Delhi
Jammu and Kashmir Shri Manoj Sinha (Lieutenant Governor) Srinagar
Lakshadweep Shri Praful Patel (Administrator) Kavaratti
Puducherry Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan Puducherry
Ladakh Brig (Dr) BD Mishra (Retd) Leh

Role and Responsibilities of a Governor

  • The Governor has the same power at the state level as a President has at the national level. Every action taken in a state is taken by the executive power (Chief Minister) of that state in the name of the Governor.
  • The Governor of a state has a lot of responsibilities and some of them are given below:
  • The Governor has legislative, judicial, executive and financial powers.
  • The Governor has the power to address, summon, differ and dissolve the state assemblies.
  • In case of emergency, the Governor reserves the right to make advances from the State Contingency Fund.
  • The Chief Justice of the State High Court is chosen with the consent of the Governor of the State.
  • In case no political party wins the Lok Sabha elections and is unable to prove majority, the Governor retains the right to elect the Chief Minister of his/her state.
  • If there is a constitutional emergency then President’s rule is imposed in the state by the Governor.
  • With the consent of the Election Commission, he can disqualify any member from election.
  • State MLAs prepare the state budget keeping in mind the opinion of the Governor.

How is the Governor elected? ,Governor of India Selection and Powers,

Under Article 157 and Article 158 of the Constitution of India, the eligibility criteria for the post of Governor are as follows:
A Governor must have the following qualifications:

  • Be a citizen of India.
  • Must be at least 35 years of age.
  • Should not be a member of any House of Parliament or a member of the State Legislature.
  • Do not hold any position of profit.

In India, the Governor is appointed by the President. The central government is responsible for the nomination of the government for each state. Unlike the election of the President, there is no indirect or direct election for the appointment of the Governor. The office of the Governor is an independent constitutional office, the Governor does not serve the Central Government.

Chief Minister of India Selection and Powers

According to the Constitution of India, there is no specific procedure for the selection and appointment of the Chief Minister of a state. According to Article 164, the government of a state appoints the Chief Minister. To become the Chief Minister of India, a person requires certain qualifications. The person must be a citizen of India, must have completed 25 years of age, and must be a member of either the Legislative Assembly or the Legislative Council.

A citizen of India who is not a member of the Legislative Assembly or Legislative Council has to get himself elected within 6 months from the date of his appointment, if the person fails in this process, he will not be considered as the Chief Minister.

The powers given to the Chief Minister are that he can allocate and reshuffle the portfolios among the ministers, if the Chief Minister resigns then the entire cabinet has to resign along with him, if there is any difference of opinion then he can control the activities of all the ministers and Directs. , he can ask the minister to resign, he advises the government to appoint any person as minister.

Chief Ministers of India in Constitution

  • Article 163: The Governor is advised by the Chief Minister, the head of the Council of Ministers.
  • Article 164: The Constitution appoints the Chief Minister by the Governor.
  • Article 167: According to the Constitution, the Chief Minister acts as a link between the Governor and the State Council of Ministers.
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