List of Governor General of India, Overview, Important Points and FAQs 2024

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  • He passed the Second Factory Act of 1891, under which:- (i) There was a weekly holiday (Sunday holiday) for the workers. (ii) Fixed period of working time. (iii) He appointed the high level Durand Commission in 1893 to draw the political boundary between India and Afghanistan. (Now between Pakistan and Afghanistan).
  • In the year 1892 he divided the Civil Services Examination into 3 parts:-(a) Imperial Services → IAS (b) Provincial Services → State PCS (c) Subordinate Services → Tehsildar.
  • In 1893 → Swami Vivekananda gave a speech at Zero in Chicago.
  • Gandhiji was thrown out of a train at the famous St. Pietermaritzburg railway station in South Africa.

After 1894, the Indian independence movement gained considerable momentum and various revolutionary and political parties emerged. Their methods varied widely but the ultimate goal was always Swaraj (self-rule). The people of India became aware of the fact that it was useless to expect any good from the British side so they decided to take matters into their own hands. The first spark of this revolution erupted when the Chapekar brothers murdered two British officers. Let us take a look at the remaining tenures of the Governor Generals of India.

Lord Elgin II (1894–1899)

  • 1897- Chapekar brothers killed two British officers.

Lord Curzon (1899–1905)

  • 1902- Police Commission
  • 1902- Indian Universities Commission
  • 1904- Indian Universities Act
  • 1905- Partition of Bengal

Lord Minto (1905–1910)

  • 1905 – Swadeshi Movement
  • 1906- Muslim League
  • 1907- Surat partition
  • 1909- Morley Minto Reforms

Lord Hardinge (1910–1916)

  • 1911- Delhi Darbar
  • 1911- Partition was canceled
  • 1911- The capital of India was shifted from Kolkata to Delhi.
  • 1915- Gandhiji returned to India
  • 1915- Hindu Mahasabha
  • 1916- Home Rule League

Lord Chelmsford (1916–1921)

  • 1916- Lucknow Agreement
  • 1917- Champaran Movement
  • 1917- August Declaration
  • 1919- Government of India Act
  • 1919- Rowlatt Act
  • 1919- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  • 1919- Poona Women's University
  • 1920- Non-cooperation and Khilafat Movement

Lord Reading (1921–1926)

  • 1921- Allahabad session of Congress
  • 1922- Chauri-Chaura incident
  • 1922- Non-cooperation was withdrawn
  • 1922- Establishment of Swaraj Party
  • 1925- Kakori train robbery

Lord Irwin (1926–1931)

  • 1927- Simon Commission came to India
  • 1928- Nehru Report
  • 1929 – Lahore session of Congress – Complete Swaraj
  • 1930- Civil Disobedience Movement
  • 1930- Dandi March
  • 1930- First Round Table Conference
  • 1931- Gandhi Irwin Pact

Lord Willington (1931–1936)

  • 1932- Communal Award
  • 1932- Second Round Table Conference
  • 1932- Poona Pact
  • 1935- Government of India Act

Lord Linlithgow (1936–1943)

  • 1939- World War II begins
  • 1939- Congress ministers resigned from their posts.
  • 1940- August proposal
  • 1940- Lahore resolution of Muslim League
  • 1941- Formation of Azad Hind Fauj
  • 1942- Cripps Mission
  • 1942- Quit India Movement

Lord Wavell (1944–1947)

  • 1944- CR Formula
  • [1945–WavellPlanandShimlaConference
  • 1946- Cabinet Mission
  • 1946- Direct Action Day

Lord Mountbatten (1947–1948)

  • 1947- Mountbatten Plan
  • 1947- Radcliffe Mission
  • 1947- India got independence
  • 1947- Partition of India

Lord Mountbatten was the last British Governor General of India.

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was the first and only Indian Governor General of India and held the post from 1948 to 1950.

The office of the Governor General of India was permanently abolished in 1950.

List of Governor General of India, Overview, Important Points and FAQs 2023, Read in English

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